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What Are Carcinogens? Can It Really Cause Cancer?

Maybe you’ve heard of it with carcinogens. He said, carcinogens are dangerous substances and should be avoided because they can cause cancer. But what exactly is a carcinogen? What really causes cancer? If you have cancer, you can visit hope 4 cancer to get help in it.

Carcinogens are substances or things that can cause cancer, by affecting genes or destroying normal cells that turn into cancer cells. Cancer itself occurs when a cell grows rapidly and aggressively, usually, this is because the gene in the cell has changed or damaged. These changes may be decreased in the family or caused by environmental factors that include:

– Lifestyle habits such as poor diet, smoking, too lazy to move
– Carcinogens from the environment such as UV rays, radon gases, viruses that may cause cancer
– Medical care, for example, drugs, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone drugs, immunosuppressant drugs, and others
– Pollution

In fact, although carcinogens are substances that can increase the chances of cancer, not all substances or objects containing carcinogens cause cancer. It depends on what carcinogenic substances that affect the body, how much is affected, and how the body responds to the carcinogen.

It is not an easy task to test and determine whether a substance is a carcinogen. Scientists certainly will not do research on humans, because it is quite dangerous. So, usually, experts will do some tests such as:

– Laboratory studies: studies conducted on cell and animal cultures.
– Studies in humans: epidemiological studies look at the human population to determine factors that can be linked to cancer.

How to avoid carcinogens?

In some countries, governments have regulated regulations to reduce levels of carcinogens in every workplace at risk. However, you can also do some things to avoid carcinogens, namely:

Quit smoking
Limit exposure to UV rays, which are usually present in sunlight
Maintain a healthy weight
Implement a healthy lifestyle

Some types of carcinogens are most likely to cause cancer:

1. Tobacco smoke
The chemicals used for tobacco products can cause cancer. Smoking is directly related to lung cancer, throat cancer, urinary tract disorders and pancreatic cancer.

2. Pathogens
Some viruses, parasites, and bacteria can cause cancer. Examples of carcinogenic pathogens in the human body include hepatitis B and C, human papillomavirus (HPV) and Epstein-Barr.